Képaláírás: This is the thirteenth piece of a 14-part series, utilizing the 14 statues featured on the two quarter-round colonnades of Hősök tere/Heroes' Square Millenium Monument. Since all of the protagonists are major and significant figures in the history of Hungary, some Budapest streets are named after them here and there. The primary aim of this series is not to introduce the statues or characters (all are commonplaces frequently featured in touristic photoguides), but roads, squares and public spaces bearing their names.
Thököly út is the northern extension of the main east-west street of the city towards the east leaving Keleti ("Eastern") Railway Station, as a matter of fact, a next section to what started with Kossuth Lajos utca and continued with Rákóczi út (the southern extension saved the road's original name, and is called Kerepesi út). Thököly út is one of the main streets of Budapest being in the worst state: more than half of it is still cobblestoned and its surface is being demolished by traffic all day all night, while this surface demolishes vehicles. As an extra addition, until 1996 it has been also transporting trams: tram lines #44 and #67, significant messengers of a Budapest tramway golden age were suspended then, but disused railways and concrete embedding of them still exist. A drive throughout this road - a daily routine for approx. 45.000 cars on weekdays - is equalled to an urban rallye race. Renovation or refurbishment of the road is also a top page subject in the last 20 years, while even preserving or final removing of the railways hasn't been agreed yet. - See a rather idyllic description of this road; there is also an even more idyllic decription of the cobblestoned section. - 6 Further Thököly streets/roads can be found around Budapest; undisputedly this is the most important of them.
Count Imre Thököly (1657-1705), actually a third generation Hungarian nobleman was Prince of Upper-Hungary between 1682-1685, elected Prince of Transylvania in 1690, a soldier and diplomat, conducting the first "kuruc" uprising against the Habsburg rule in the 1670s and 80s ("kuruc" people were soldiers against the imperial army, recruited from different East-European countries, led by prominent Hungarians). As the second husband of Ilona Zrinyi, mother of Ferenc Rákóczi II, they represent a stepfather-stepchild relation, the fourth family connection between Millenium Memorial statues, and the fourth on real historical time-line, as well. (See former father & son relations in Millenium Monument context: Andrew II & Béla IV, Charles I & Louis I, János Hunyadi & Matthias Corvinus.) From 1691 on he shared a fate common with Rákóczi and Kossuth mentioned before: he fled to the Ottoman Empire, and was spending the rest of his life in (Turkish) emmigration. He died in Izmit, his remains were brought home in the same age as his stepson's.
The story of this statue is also interesting, since it replaces a statue of Empress Marie Theresie of the Habsburgs, standing there since 1911, sculpted by György Zala, main sculptor responsible for the whole Millenium Monument statuary project. Her statue was heavily injured during WWII, it was removed then (was stored up to 2002, when it was renovated and is displayed now at the near-by Museum of Fine Arts). Thököly's statue was erected in 1955, and is a work by Jenő Grantner, also the artist of this memorial.
Ismertető szöveg: Késmárki gróf Thököly Imre (Késmárk, 1657. szeptember 25. - İzmit, 1705. szeptember 13.) kuruc hadvezér, 1682-1685 között Felső-Magyarország, majd 1690-ben Erdély fejedelme.
Ifjúkora óta ellenséges érzelmeket táplált a Habsburg-házzal szemben, elsősorban a protestáns vallásgyakorlás és a rendi szabadságok megsértése miatt. Fiatalon, 23 évesen választották a kuruc hadak főgenerálisává. Törekedett a mozgalom Erdélytől való politikai függetlenítésére, ami 1682-ben sikerült török támogatással. Ugyanakkor egészen hatalma 1685-ös elvesztéséig nem szakított véglegesen Béccsel, számos alkalommal kezdeményezett béketárgyalásokat, felajánlotta a császárnak biztosítandó fegyveres támogatást a török kiűzésére, ám feltételeit az udvar rendre elutasította. Ezt követően tevékenysége fokozatosan kiszorult a Kárpát-medence területéről. 1690-ben a zernyesti csatában aratott győzelmével átmenetileg sikerült megszereznie az erdélyi fejedelmi címet, de végül a császári csapatok elől meghátrálni kényszerült. A karlócai békét követően élete végéig az Oszmán Birodalom területén élt száműzetésben. A anatóliai İzmitben hunyt el 1705-ben.