Képaláírás: This is the eighth piece of a 14-part series, utilizing the 14 statues featured on the two quarter-round colonnades of Hősök tere/Heroes' Square. Since all of the protagonists are major and significant figures in the history of Hungary, some Budapest streets are named after them here and there. The primary aim of this series is not to introduce the statues or characters (all are commonplaces frequently featured in touristic photoguides), but roads, squares and public spaces bearing their names.
Bethlen Gábor tér is a classic square of the 7th district of Budapest, formed by four regular streets meeting at the centre, and the neighbouring ones of them are linked by straight side-roads; a very geometrical urban phenomenon indeed. (One of the streets running through the square is also named after Gábor Bethlen.) The most important institution located in this square is the Faculty of Veterinary Science of Szent István University, formerly, prior to the centralization of universities an unincorporated educational unit of Budapest, the only one in the country dealing with training of vets. The entrance of the office of Pathological Anatomy Department of Péterfy Sándor Hospital can also found here - bringing darker memories for the living. Apart from this the neighbourhood with its housing estates and older tenants belongs to the area once referred as "Csikágó", the Pest transcription of Chicago, rather depreciative in context, and alluding the penurious and wild life compared to Budapest standards of former decades. - Further 5 Bethlen Gábor streets can be found ont he map of Budapest.
Gábor Bethlen, a Hungarian nobleman, who was elected for Prince of Transylvania by the Transylvanian Diet at Clausenburg in 1613, at the age of 33, was a figure similar to István Bocskai - all of his efforts aimed the saving of independency of Transylvania (and keeping his own position this way) againt the Habsburgs and the Ottoman Empire, as well. Being a sensitive diplomat, he had the ability to treat his allies & enemies the rightest way at the most appropriate moment. In addition, he was a ruler supplied with interest in culture and knowledge of his own time; and he represented a kind of multiethnic internal policy in an era when this was anything but the mainstream of contemporary thinking. However, his reign (finishing with his death in 1629) is considered to be the golden age of Transylvania; that’s why "Great" is his epitheton ornans since then.
The sculpture, designed by György Vastagh Jr in 1903, originally was erected at Körönd, and was moved to its present spot in 1955. From 1905 to 1951-53 Ferdinand I, a statue of a Habsburg monarch was displayed instead, a work of Ede Margó.
Ismertető szöveg: Bethlen Gábor (Marosillye, 1580. november 15. - Gyulafehérvár, 1629. november 15.) erdélyi fejedelem (1613-1629), I. Gábor néven megválasztott magyar király (1620-1621), a 17. századi magyar történelem egyik legjelentősebb személyisége. Pályafutása kezdetén híven szolgálta Báthory Zsigmondot, Székely Mózest, Bocskai Istvánt és Báthory Gábort, majd amikor ez utóbbi a Habsburgokkal akart szövetségre lépni, szembefordult vele, és magát választatta fejedelemnek. Uralkodása alatt megszilárdította Erdély helyzetét, az ország gazdasága és kulturális élete egyaránt fejlődésnek indult - ezt az időszakot általában "Erdély aranykora" néven ismerik.